The Aegean cat is a naturally occurring landrace of domestic cat originating from the Cyclades of Greece. Development of the Aegean cat as a formal breed began in the early 1990s by breeders in the fledgling Greek cat fancy, but the variety has yet to be recognized by any major fancier and breeder organization. It is considered to be the only Indigenous (ecology) Greek variety of cat.
The Aegean cat, as its name suggests originates from the Cyclades in the Aegean Sea, where they occur as a natural landrace. Aegeans are considered one of the oldest domesticated cat breeds. They are common as feral cats in Greece, where they are found amongst fishing ports begging for food. In Greece, Aegean cats are considered a national treasure.